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After three days of talks, Turks and Americans have agreed to continue discussing the contours that the security zone claimed by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan might take. northern Syria. Fearing that the number one Turkish will put his threats to execution and end up throwing his army at the assault of the People's Protection Units (YPG), these Syrian Kurdish fighters allied with United States in Syria, the American negotiators have been conciliatory.
The press releases published on Wednesday 7 August by the US Embassy in Ankara and by the Turkish Ministry of Defense mention the "Taking into account the security interests of Turkey". "We are pleased to see that our partners have come closer to our positions"said Turkish defense minister Hulusi Akar as the negotiations drew to a close. The agreement has been described as"Flagrant attack" against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria by the government of Damascus.
The agreement moves away from the prospect of a major crisis between the two NATO allies, but its fuzzy terms suggest that nothing in the bottom © set. According to official reports, a "Joint operations center" will soon be put in place to manage, from Turkey, the creation of the security zone. No calendar has been set. Nothing has been revealed, neither about how this area will be managed, nor about its extent, nor its depth. However, these points appeared up to here as recurrent disputes between the two parties, in bisbille since nearly eight months on this subject.
The positions seemed difficult to reconcile. Ankara insisted on exclusive control of a 32-kilometer stretch of deep land, several hundred kilometers long, to the Iraqi border. The Americans want joint patrols on a deep territory of 14 kilometers, 140 kilometers long. The press releases do not specify if a compromise was found on this point.
Only certainty, the area will be banned from Kurdish YPG forces that Turkey perceives as a threat to its territorial integrity. The YPG is the armed wing of the Syrian Democratic Party (PYD), which does not hide its affiliation with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), Ankara's black beast since 1984.
Become the best allies of the Americans in the fight against the Islamic State organization in Syria, the YPG have conquered large areas of land on the jihadists, at the cost of heavy losses in their ranks. Will they accept to evacuate among other Kurdish cities of KobanÃ ©, KamechliyÃ ©, HassakÃ ©, on which the Turks have visions?