Tribune. What lessons can be learned from the new political situation in Ukraine? The 2019 elections, both presidential and legislative, delivered results that were nothing short of historic. Never before has Ukraine had a president who, like Volodymyr Zelensky, scored such a high score (73%) with so little connection to the traditional political class. It is also the first time that the independent Ukraine has adopted a Parliament so largely dominated by a party, in this case that of Mr. Zelensky, the Servant of the People. , which has won 250 of the 450 seats of deputed. Both elections were a real tidal wave that swept away the majority of former politicians and most senior officials of the presidency, the government, the Verkhovna Rada ( the Supreme Council) and the prosecutor's office.
Such a concentration of power in the hands of the Servant of the People party gives rise, in Ukraine and abroad, to differing perceptions according to the observers. Many warn against the risks of authoritarian and safe hatred that such domination could lead to. More positively, the new Ukrainian political landscape can however be analyzed from the point of view of British democratic logic, dominated by the principle that "The winner picks up everything."
This approach to democratic governance partly rejects the notion of power distribution, as well as the safeguards that accompany it. The British model, on the contrary, emphasizes the clarity of political responsibility and establishes a clear difference between the respective roles of the majority and the opposition. The result of the Ukrainian elections was to concentrate all executive power and most of the legislative power in the hands of a single party. The only thing that escapes the control of the Servant of the People party is the constitutional amendments, which require, in order to be passed, a two-thirds majority in Parliament. An amendment to the Ukrainian Basic Law would therefore require the approval of a number of deputies who were not elected with the support of Mr Zelensky's party.
Novices in politics
A situation at this point unheard in Ukraine implies enormous opportunities, but also immense risks. Zelensky's overwhelming dominance of the legislative and executive branches of power will provide him, in the coming years, with many tools to quickly implement his ideas â € "which that they are. But she also places in her hands and those of her successors the responsibility for Ukraine's future achievements and failures. This is reminiscent of the typical situation in the United Kingdom (at least until a recent past) of an election in the House of Commons.