Deputies and senators have labored arduous earlier than the vacations, to make up for the time misplaced between March and June. After being on the coronary heart of the Covid-19 disaster, the parliamentarians had been despatched house. They tried to proceed their work, in a lowered format on the spot for voting, or remotely for hearings and group conferences, however many reforms had been placed on maintain.
Senators had been allowed to return to take a seat on June 22, and deputies on June 23, for a month-long session to attempt to wrap up essentially the most pressing points, together with the third model of the finance invoice.
Unsurprisingly, a big a part of the texts are linked to the administration of the coronavirus disaster (state of emergency, price range, and so forth.). However different topics are lined: agricultural pensions, lighting of scooters, supervision of financial institution fees … We now have drawn up a panorama, not exhaustive, of the principle legal guidelines or ordinances submitted to Parliament, in addition to orders and decrees taken by the brand new authorities earlier than the summer season break.
Texts associated to the Covid-19 disaster
- Finish of the well being emergency
Entered into drive on March 24 within the face of the Covid-19 epidemic, the state of well being emergency, which restricted sure public freedoms, had been prolonged till July 10. It was ended, apart from Guyana and Mayotte, the place it stays in impact till October 30, as a result of the virus continues to be actively circulating there.
The vast majority of institutions open to the general public can reopen and bodily and sporting actions resume usually. However the textual content printed on July 10 nonetheless imposes important restrictions (motion of individuals, obligation of exams for air journey between abroad and mainland France, conservation of sure well being knowledge, regulation of the costs of masks and hydroalcoholic gel, and so forth.) .
- Social Safety price range and debt closed
Tourism, aeronautics, vehicle or youth employment: Parliament adopted on July 23 the third amending finance invoice for 2020. The restoration plan of 100 billion euros introduced by Emmanuel Macron might be introduced in council. ministers on August 24 after which included into the finance invoice for 2021.
On July 23, Parliament additionally adopted payments on social debt, thus validating the creation of a fifth department of Social Safety dedicated to lack of autonomy and incapacity. It is going to be added to the 4 current ones (illness, previous age, household, work accidents).
- Masks obligatory in closed public locations
Carrying a masks for most of the people has been obligatory since July 20 in all enclosed locations open to the general public, along with barrier gestures, in accordance with the decree signed three days earlier. It was already obligatory in lots of institutions (hairdressing salons, eating places, museums, and so forth.). Shops and purchasing facilities, administrations and banks had been due to this fact added. One other decree, printed on July 30, permits prefects to make it obligatory in open public locations.
- Slight leisure of the 5,000-person gauge
A decree printed on July 28 authorizes gatherings of greater than 5,000 individuals as of August 15, with a dispensation. An exemption that the prefect can grant " exceptionally " after "Danger issue evaluation". With out waivers, the utmost tonnage stays at the very least 5,000 till August 31.
- Restrict overseas takeovers of firms
In a interval when firms, weakened by the disaster linked to the coronavirus, can change into "Straightforward prey", the Prime Minister decreed that acquisitions of the capital of French firms by non-European traders can be restricted to 10% (in opposition to 25% beforehand) till the top of the yr. The textual content issues firms with delicate actions (public order and safety, nationwide protection, and so forth.) and whose shares are listed on the inventory trade.
- Donate vacation vouchers to caregivers
Because of the regulation of July 22, an worker will be capable to surrender a number of days of go away with a purpose to supply it to a caregiver who labored throughout confinement. Till October 31, it’s potential to ask your employer to pay the equal of a number of days of go away to the Nationwide Company for Trip Checks, which is able to then distribute them to "Well being, medico-social and residential assist and assist institutions and companies".
The opposite main texts
- Combat in opposition to home violence
By a ultimate vote of the Senate, on July 22, Parliament adopted a invoice supposed to raised "Shield victims of home violence", by introducing an exception to medical confidentiality within the occasion of "Rapid hazard". The textual content additionally will increase the penalties within the occasion of harassment throughout the couple (as much as ten years of imprisonment within the occasion of the sufferer's tried suicide), represses the geolocation of an individual with out his consent and creates an aggravating circumstance in case of violation of the secrecy of correspondence by a partner or ex-spouse, to raised struggle in opposition to "Home cyberviolence".
- Revalue agricultural pensions
Whereas uncertainty nonetheless reigns over the way forward for pension reform (postponed "No less than till the top of the yr"), a big a part of farmers will profit from a rise within the minimal quantity of their pension. In line with the regulation of July 4, this quantity goes from 75% to 85% of the minimal wage (or 1,025 euros per thirty days) and is prolonged to people who find themselves already retired. This increase, which is able to take impact in 2022, is the results of a Communist invoice, which the Senate unanimously adopted.
- Simplify victims' entry to compensation
The regulation of two July strengthens the appropriate to compensation for victims, by harmonizing the deadlines for referral to the Fee for Compensation for Victims of Crimes to learn from the particular assure fund for acts of terrorism and different offenses. There have been already parts on this topic within the code of prison process, however they had been sources of divergent interpretations and disputes.
- Create a standing of "citizen rescuer"
Confronted with sudden cardiac arrests (40,000 to 50,000 deaths per yr), Parliament created the standing of "citizen rescuer". The regulation of July Four exempts rescuers from all civil legal responsibility, besides within the occasion of gross or intentional fault. The textual content strengthens the penalties within the occasion of theft or degradation of defibrillators and establishes higher consciousness of life-saving actions. The Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian international locations have a survival price of 20 to 40% of victims of surprising cardiac arrest in comparison with solely three to 4% in France, as a result of a lack of awareness of those gestures.
- Posted work: placing an finish to "social dumping"
France now applies European guidelines of equal remedy for posted employees, in accordance with the decree of July 29. An worker seconded by an organization established overseas advantages from the identical remuneration as an worker employed by an organization established regionally performing the identical duties. Till now, the corporate merely needed to meet the minimal wage.
- Higher measure fantastic particles
In line with the decree of July 10, the Atmo air high quality index might be amended to incorporate fantastic particle air pollution and introduce a brand new qualification, "Extraordinarily dangerous". This improvement, in accordance with European standards, will come into drive in 2021.
- Impose lights on scooters, monowheels and "hoverboards"
Audible warning system, brakes and entrance and rear lighting are obligatory on motorized private transport autos from 1er July. Two decrees printed on July 7 clarified the technical particulars. The drivers of those autos should, furthermore, sign themselves at evening and through the day if visibility is poor by the use of self-reflecting gear seen to different customers.
- Enhance the variety of ministerial places of work
The utmost variety of members of a ministerial cupboard has elevated by round 50% in comparison with the utmost imposed in Could 2017. The decree of July 12 now authorizes as much as fifteen advisers for a minister (in opposition to ten beforehand), 13 for one. deputy minister (in opposition to eight) and eight for a secretary of state (as a substitute of 5).
- Facilitate public procurement in development and meals
The federal government signed a decree aimed toward "Quickly facilitate the conclusion of public contracts in two precedence financial sectors" : constructing and meals. The textual content raises, for one yr, to 70,000 euros the process exemption threshold for the award of public works contracts. The agricultural sector is just not disregarded: the decree additionally facilitates the acquisition, as much as 100,000 euros, of foodstuffs produced, processed and saved through the state of well being emergency and which might be delivered earlier than December 10, 2020. .
- Sectarian aberrations: refocusing the mission on radicalization
In line with the decree of July 15, the interministerial mission of vigilance and the struggle in opposition to sectarian aberrations, which till then relied on Matignon, was connected to the Ministry of the Inside, beneath the authority of the secretary normal of the interministerial committee of prevention of delinquency and radicalization). Its work dangers specializing in indoctrination and Islamist abuses. The query arises as to who will take over the opposite recordsdata of the interministerial mission since 40% of circumstances linked to sectarian aberrations involved well being.
- Expertise six new prison courts
Loire-Atlantique, Isère, Haute-Garonne, Val-d'Oise, Guadeloupe and Guyana will in flip, in accordance with the decree of July 2, experiment with departmental prison courts. These courts, made up of 5 skilled magistrates and answerable for judging at first occasion rape or armed theft punishable by fifteen to twenty years' imprisonment, had been already examined within the Ardennes, Calvados, Cher, Moselle, La Réunion, Seine-Maritime and Yvelines since September 2019.
- Scale back financial institution charges for fragile prospects
The decree of July 20 (which should enter into drive on 1er November) clarifies the definition of "Fragile financial institution buyer", which prohibits banks from charging greater than 25 euros in cost incident charges per thirty days. This issues prospects with 5 irregularities or incidents in the identical month or these whose over-indebtedness file is being processed needs to be routinely processed. However banks stay the decision-makers to outline revenue or credit score move ceilings to exclude from this technique prospects with excessively excessive money inflows (at the moment between 1,000 euros and 1,900 euros per thirty days).
- Modify the factors for "MyPrimeRenov"
The decree of July 13 particulars the phrases of the brand new premium supposed to finance power renovation work on housing. "MaPrimeRenov" will ultimately substitute the tax credit score for the power transition. Means circumstances ought to disappear from 2021.
What awaits parliamentarians in the beginning of the varsity yr
Parliamentarians go away a number of main reforms unfinished. We already knew that pensions, unemployment insurance coverage, analysis and broadcasting would at the very least wait till the beginning of the varsity yr. Debated at second studying within the Nationwide Meeting on the very finish of the session, the bioethics regulation was adopted on the evening of Friday July 31 to Saturday 1er August. She is just not anticipated to return to the Senate till January 2021.
The Luxembourg Palace is because of renew practically half of its 348 seats on September 27. The Home will then debate, round All Saints' Day, a invoice on "Differentiation", to facilitate experiments by native authorities, earlier than one other textual content to return on decentralization.