He was eagerly awaited. Monday, June 29, the day after a second spherical of municipal elections marked by a "inexperienced wave" in cities, Emmanuel Macron introduced his responses to the proposals, generally controversial, of the 150 members of the Citizen's Local weather Conference that he obtained on the Elysée. Decoding of the president's speech in 4 factors.
1. Three concepts revoked
Emmanuel Macron instantly introduced "three jokers". Not surprisingly, he dismisses the three most controversial propositions. He first buries the decreasing to 110 km / h, as an alternative of 130, of the utmost velocity allowed on the freeway. The thought had crystallized consideration. Jokingly, the president stated he wished to forestall the work of the Conference from "spoiling in an issue".
VIDEO. Residents' conference: 110 km / h, dividend tax, ecocide … Macron's three refusals
The proposal to tax company dividends at 4% doesn’t move both. It could danger, in keeping with the Head of State, to "discourage funding". Which makes the environmental NGO Associates of the Earth say that "the inexperienced wave stops on the ft of neoliberalism".
The pinnacle of state additionally didn’t take up the proposal to rewrite the preamble to the Structure. "As proposed, the drafting threatens to position environmental safety above public freedoms, even above our democratic guidelines," stated the president.
2. 146 measures to be carried out
Rapidly… the Head of State wished to reassure on the adoption of the opposite measures. The 150 and the general public shouldn’t suppose that their undertaking is being buried. Emmanuel Macron clarified that sure proposals might be "mentioned throughout a subsequent Ecological Protection Council (…) by the tip of July". Prohibiting thermal colanders, placing an finish to the artificialisation of soils, prohibiting inside flights by airplane when a prepare journey is feasible, Emmanuel Macron appeared to validate the all-out options of the Conference.
"This can be a pretty optimistic begin to the reply as a result of the President of the Republic was capable of reply in a short time to the 150 residents of the Conference with commitments. A number of are actually essential, corresponding to stopping the artificialisation of soils, ”feedback economist Laurence Tubiana, the architect of the COP 21 settlement who co-chaired the governance committee for this Conference.
The settlement in precept for a moratorium on new industrial areas on the outskirts of cities, with a purpose to cease the "concreteisation", obtained applause from the 150. The Nicolas Hulot Basis (FNH) stays cautious: "We are going to choose on the details. Proper now, parliamentarians are taking on residents' proposals, such because the penalty for the heaviest and most polluting automobiles, which the bulk has rejected. However that was earlier than the president spoke… ”, notes Samuel Léré, head of advocacy on the FNH.
3. Two referendums?
The notions of "biodiversity, surroundings, struggle in opposition to international warming" ought to enter in article 1 of the Structure. In contrast to the modification to the preamble, the topic is consensual sufficient to move the stage of Parliament earlier than giving rise to a primary referendum "by 2021". President Macron left the door open to a second referendum in 2021 for a number of proposals.
4. References at European or worldwide stage
Emmanuel Macron additionally kicked in contact in direction of the European stage, logically sufficient, for measures just like the greening of the CAP (frequent agricultural coverage). He wished to arrange a carbon value in Europe, with a carbon tax on the borders of the continent, which, furthermore, was proposed by residents.
VIDEO. Residents' conference: Macron needs "a European carbon tax"
The crime of ecocide, to punish the intense injury to the surroundings, which the residents wished to see carried by a referendum sees him referred to worldwide authorities. Samuel Léré, of the FNH, is skeptical: “In a great world, ecocide ought to be universally acknowledged. However, because it stands, leaders like Donald Trump in the US or Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil won’t ever acknowledge it. It could be good for France to set an instance, ”he insists. On this level, the Head of State has not utterly closed the door. Jurists should work on the difficulty to consider embrace it in French regulation.