Article reserved for subscribers
In this late afternoon of June, in the district of Webdé, in Amman, activists of the civil society greet warmly, on the sidelines of a meeting in Liwan, a space of exchanges and formation for the youth. Some of them met a year earlier, during major protests in the Jordanian capital against the rise in the price of gasoline and a bill on taxes. Â € œNothing has improved economically. Public debt has increased, so has poverty. The decline of the middle class continues Â »sighs Dima Al-Kharabsheh, 27, one of Liwan's co-founders.
In the vein of the last summer's movement, regular gatherings are held in Amman, but they attract only a handful of demonstrators. The fear of being manipulated, or of being dragged into chaos, say young people, keeps them away from protests. Months of popular mobilization in Sudan or Algeria To "admiration € ™ Â" activist Dima Al-Kharabsheh. "It's far from us", tempered Bachar Qudah, 28 years old.
In Jordan, the social malaise is still very much alive among young people. Â € œThis is the economic galley. And, we've had enough that corruption is only fought on the surface: big fish always come out of it. "says Amal (the name has been changed), a 25-year-old student from Irbid town in the north of the country.
"Unemployment is our biggest challenge"
Among the main sources of youth dissatisfaction, unemployment. Officially, it is 19%, but is even higher among women and youth. 30% of the under 30s are concerned. Â € œIt is common that the jobs available have no connection with the studies of the graduates. And wages [le revenu moyen est de 530 euros] do not follow, " defy Bachar Qudah. He joined an NGO, "By passion". But only two of his thirty classmates in international trade, "Have a job that matches the academic background they have followed". As for Amal, despite the cost of higher education, she went into law, for fear of not finding a job in the chemistry sector, where she got his first degree.
"Unemployment is our biggest challenge", agrees the deputy Wafa Bani Mustapha. When we visit him in Parliament, a son, accompanied by his father, who speaks, comes to ask for a plunger. The list no longer includes applications for similar aid. "The private sector is not hiring, so we're coming for a helping hand to integrate the public administration. AT"