“THE WHOLE of 1’s life is a dream, and targets are nothing nonetheless targets.” So says Prince Sigismondo in a play by Pedro Calderón de la Barca, the great dramatist of Spain’s Golden Age inside the 17th century, presently being revived in Madrid. That, in influence, provided the question sooner than Spain’s Supreme Court docket docket inside the long-running trial of a dozen Catalan separatist leaders for his or her perform inside the referendum and declaration of independence in October 2017. Was their unilateral implementation of a democratic “correct to find out” on independence for Catalonia, one in all Spain’s largest and most prosperous areas, a mere pipe dream of political theatre; or was it a conspiracy to interrupt up the nation?
The courtroom docket concluded that it was someplace in between. Dismissing the additional extreme value of riot, it found 9 of the leaders accountable of sedition and four accountable of misuse of public funds. It sentenced Oriol Junqueras, who was vice-president of the Catalan regional authorities on the time, to 13 years in jail. Six completely different former officers have been sentenced to phrases of ten to 12 years; the leaders of two separatist mass actions each purchased 9 years. The courtroom docket found that that they’d “led the citizenry in a public and tumultuous rising” which prevented the making use of of laws and courtroom docket selections. The courtroom docket moreover issued a up to date European arrest warrant, for sedition, in the direction of Carles Puigdemont, the earlier Catalan president, who fled to exile in Belgium in 2017. An extradition request in the direction of him on the price of riot was rejected by a German courtroom docket remaining yr.
Spanish conservatives have been disenchanted that the courtroom docket dismissed the price of riot. Others, abroad and in Catalonia, seen the jail phrases as disproportionate. The defendants argued that they’ve been merely ending up a democratic mandate to hunt a referendum on independence. Their supporters say they’re “political prisoners” who confronted a “political trial”. In a joint assertion, Quim Torra, the current president of the Generalitat (the regional authorities) and Roger Torrent, the speaker of the Catalan parliament, described it as “an insult to democracy and a gift of contempt for Catalan society”.
The sentence triggered days of protests by means of which masked demonstrators first blockaded Barcelona airport after which set dozens of fires and barricades inside the centre of city. Amongst higher than 150 of us injured have been 72 police, most of them from the Catalan energy. Contradictorily, Mr Torra at first impressed the protests whereas the Generalitat’s police was repressing them. The protests mark every a radicalisation and fragmentation of the independence movement. Pere Aragonès, Mr Torra’s deputy, warned in the direction of violence.
Spanish officers stress that the defendants have been on trial for his or her actions, not their ideas. The explanation for independence has not at all beloved clear majority help in Catalonia. Josep Borrell, the worldwide minister, who’s Catalan, accused Mr Torra of a “totalitarian angle” in denying the Catalan-ness of people who disagree with independence. “The inspiration of the difficulty is that Catalan society is cut up in two and a sort of parts excludes the other,” talked about Mr Borrell, who’s about to transform the EU’s new foreign-policy chief.
In 2017 the separatists used their slim majority inside the Catalan parliament to ram by way of authorized pointers tearing up the construction and the world’s statute of home rule. They deployed the property of the Generalitat to organise their “binding referendum” on independence, which they then used to declare an unbiased republic. They did all this no matter repeated warnings of the illegality of their actions.
Of their unanimous verdict, the seven judges of the Supreme Court docket docket addressed not merely the defendants’ actions however moreover the political basis on which they rested. Faraway from being distinctive, Spain’s constitutional security of the nation’s territorial unity is the European norm, they well-known. “No European construction exists that recognises ‘the right to find out’.” Significantly given the chaos triggered by the Brexit referendum, no European nationwide authorities seems to be like kindly on the separatists’ requires.
Mr Junqueras claimed that the heavy sentences will galvanise the independence movement, which has simply recently been shedding steam, albeit slowly. A survey in July by the Catalan authorities’s private pollster, the CEO, put help for independence at 44% (and solely 35% when completely different selections, harking back to increased devolution, are provided). A radical fringe is flirting with violence: remaining month the Civil Guard arrested 9 of us in Catalonia found with bomb-making instruments. Nonetheless the CEO poll found that solely 9% now help the unilateral methodology pursued by the defendants in 2017.
The specter of Catalan separation has revived long-dormant Spanish nationalism and prompted the emergence of Vox, a far-right celebration. If the protests are sustained, they might stable a shadow over Spain’s regular election on November 10th, the fourth in four years. Pedro Sánchez, the Socialist chief, grew to change into prime minister in June 2018 following a censure motion in the direction of the then prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, backed by the Catalan nationalists. If, as seems seemingly, the Socialists are as soon as extra a very powerful celebration, Mr Sánchez will search—and probably purchase—the acquiescence of the right to avoid relying on separatist help.
In Calderón’s play Prince Sigismondo is freed from the jail to which his father has condemned him. No such blissful ending seems in retailer for Mr Junqueras and the others. Nonetheless, the courtroom docket rejected a prosecution request that they be denied common jail benefits. Which means most might take pleasure in day launch from jail inside months. Even when the mud from the trial settles, the difficulty of Catalan separatism will keep. Mr Sánchez this week generally known as for “a model new interval” to comprehend “coexistence inside Catalonia” by way of dialogue and the construction. That may take a while. ■