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Anger in Venezuela after the drastic American sanctions
A sign "Trump, unblocks Venezuela", August 6 in Caracas. FEDERICO PARRA / AFP

Caracas has declared, Tuesday, August 6, "Economic terrorism against the people of Venezuela by the Trump administration". The day before, the US presidency announced an unprecedented reinforcement of the sanctions taken to end the  " dictatorship" of Nicolas Maduro. In a statement released on Tuesday, the White House confirmed that the United States would use  € œall tools adaptedâ € to achieve this goal.

The communique of the Venezuelan government insurges itself against "A criminal blockade" who, "Openly violating the principles of the United Nations Charter," © PRA tends "Strangling the Venezuelan people to overthrow the government unconstitutionally". Donald Trump wants "Make a war", declared the Venezuelan ambassador to the United Nations (UN) Samuel Moncada, urging Secretary-General Antonio Guterrez and the Security Council safe to condemn US sanctions.

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Signed Monday by Donald Trump, the presidential decree freezes all the assets and interests of the Venezuelan government in the United States and makes it possible to sanction any transaction with the authorities vested born © ZUA © lian. The decree (this is "an executive order") came into effect immediately. The Government of Venezuela's property can not now be "Not transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn or otherwise traduced."

These new sanctions hit a country devastated by nineteen years of Bolivarian revolutions and an unprecedented economic crisis. "It is very important to pass the humanitarian needs of the Venezuelan people before any other consideration," Tuesday, the spokesman of the Secretary-General of the UN, Stéphne Dujarric.

A "dangerous precedent"

"The United States must understand once and for all that they are not the owners of the world," said Venezuelan Vice-President Delcy Rodriguez, denouncing the impact of sanctions on the civilian population. According to Mme Rodriguez, "All countries that have investments in the United States should be worried, because the decision of Donald Trump creates a dangerous precedent against private property and a threat to the world order. " It is not unusual to hear the Chavist power worry about the fate of the private property. The vice-president spoke with several ministers, including the defense minister. The Venezuelan armed forces have also issued a statement to denounce the political  " aberrant" from Washington and criticize the opponents who support it.

Punishments "Are not taken against Venezuela but against the regime," affirmed Juan Guaido, the leader of the Venezuelan opposition, which is recognized by the United States and by about fifty other countries as the legitimate president of Venezuela . It is also the opinion of the members of the Lima Group, which meets on the Venezuelan question a dozen countries of the continent. "We know that the sanctions will have a real impact on the Maduro regime and we hope that they will allow its departure as soon as possible", said Peruvian Foreign Minister Nestor Popolizio at the end of a regional summit held this week in Lima.

John Bolton, President Trump's National Security Advisor, attended. "We are sending a signal to third parties who want to do business with the Maduro regime: be extremely cautious", he said. The threat targets governments, companies and foreign nationals, including China and Russia, who have not dropped Mr. Maduro. "The dialogue time is over. It's time to act now, " had launched John Bolton on Monday.

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Resumption of talks

The subject did not go unnoticed. Caracas accuses the American government of wanting to scuttle the difficult dialogue initiated with the opposition since May, under the auspices of the Norwegian government. But Juan Guaido said Tuesday that he did not intend to get up from the negotiating table. The talks "To find a constitutional solution to the Venezuelan crisis" could resume Thursday August 8th. Very much criticized by the most radical wing of the opposition, they stand in the Caribbean island of Barbados, with no tangible result until now.

Venezuela has therefore joined Cuba, Iran, North Korea and Syria on the list of countries targeted by drastic American sanctions. Their political effectiveness is being debated, in Venezuela as elsewhere. "The sanctions allow Nicolas Maduro to pose as a victim of the American imperialism, while he is solely responsible for the current crisis", consider Josà © Ibarra, a former chaviste who has gone to opposition. The American sanctions also place Juan Guaido in a difficult position. "Mr Guaido defends sanctions which, until now, have had the sole effect of aggravating the living conditions of the Venezuelans", Mr. Ibarra continues. The Chavista government is multiplying in the media and social networks the calls for unity and national dignity to face adversity. The Socialist Party has called for protest "Against the blockade" this Wednesday.

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