For them, scratching, checking or betting is now not enjoyable! France has 1.37 million “problematic” players who have interaction in Lotto, Money tickets, on-line sports activities betting and at retailers, horse racing or penguin bandits greater than they need to. They alone generate a minimum of 40% of the playing trade's turnover.
Whereas they represented 4.6% of all gamers in 2014, these likelihood aficionados represent 5 years later 6% of the clientele. A disturbing development unveiled this Tuesday by the barometer of Public Well being France 2019 whose outcomes have been decrypted by the French Observatory of Medicine and Drug Dependancy, with the Video games Observatory, three public our bodies at work.
This improve comes at a time when throughout the identical interval, the overall variety of gamers has decreased: in 2019, 47.2% of 18-75 year-olds declared having tried at the very least as soon as their likelihood up to now 12 months towards 57.2 % in 2014. Fewer, the quantity execs now have extra "intensive" taking part in behaviors.
This huge survey distinguishes, amongst drawback gamblers, those that are “at average danger” (1 million folks) and those that are “extreme” (370,000 people). “The previous spend greater than their means enable, they’re beginning to now not be in a playful method. The latter are addicted. They’ve misplaced management of their sport and are in denial. They then want assist, assist, therapy ”, decrypts Jean-Michel Costes, secretary basic of the Video games Observatory.
In comparison with different gamers, these consumers are extra masculine, youthful, extra precarious and fewer lively. One participant in ten aged between 18 and 24 is for instance at “average danger” or “extreme”.
For Jean-Pierre Martignoni, sociologist specializing in playing at Lyon-II College, the rise in intensive playing marks "the failure of the accountable gaming coverage". "There’s a double language on the a part of operators who, on the one hand, improve their provide and launch hard-hitting promoting campaigns with a view to exploit the goose that lays the golden eggs to the utmost and, on the opposite, insist on accountable gaming. It’s an ambiguity that additionally exists within the seller state, ”he tackles.
Sports activities bets, essentially the most in danger
Based on the research, lottery video games (drawing and scratching) "are these for which the share of problematic practices is the bottom on a person degree, however, given their dissemination to a big inhabitants, they generate a big a part of the harm brought about ”.
About half of all of the “harm” attributable to playing is thus attributable to them. On the person degree, however, it’s sports activities betting that may most result in extra. The share of average danger gamers is 3 times greater than that of lottery video games and that of extreme gamers six occasions greater.
Sports activities betting arrogates as much as 1 / 4 of problematic playing habits whereas it’s only practiced by one in ten gamers. A dependence on the well-known grids 1, N or 2 is now the primary purpose for calling for assist inside SOS Joueurs.
“Sports activities betting gamers assume they’re specialists. Even when the achieve they covet isn’t realized, they begin once more as a result of they really feel they know soccer properly. It’s the similar mode of reasoning as for turf, that of data and experience ”, notes psychologist Armelle Achour, director of the affiliation.
"Placing the package deal on average danger gamers"
Based on her, it’s essential to "regulate" promoting on this space, particularly that of on-line operators, and "maybe even ban it". "There isn’t a purpose why playing ought to be thought of much less dangerous than alcohol and tobacco," she stated. It additionally advocates consciousness campaigns aimed toward sporting adults and their kids who’re typically tempted to wager collectively. "It’s a stupidity to not commit," warns the specialist.
Jean-Michel Costes, on the helm of the Video games Observatory, focuses on prevention for all video games mixed. “That is the place public insurance policies are best. We should put the package deal on gamers at average danger earlier than they swap to extreme gamers. As a result of as soon as the habit is put in, it's rather more tough to take care of, ”he warns.
He additionally believes within the virtues of "early detection" which might enable, offered that operators play the sport, to detect wagers whose bills are excessive with a view to "give them recommendation in order to not lose management".
For its half, La Française des jeux (FDJ) recollects that it presents prevention companies. “For instance, the Playscan instrument assesses and informs on-line gamers concerning the danger degree of their practices. This method has no equal in France on the web sports activities betting market, ”insists the FDJ. "As well as, a number of sport moderators additionally assist gamers stay vigilant and management their taking part in habits," stated the corporate.
The alarming figures on drawback playing are well timed for the Nationwide Gaming Authority (NJA), which was established every week in the past and which has made the prevention of extreme playing considered one of its priorities. Till now, solely on-line video games have been beneath the management of an unbiased authority referred to as Arjel (Regulatory Authority for On-line Video games).
The brand new gendarme of the video games, whose creation had been acted inside the framework of the privatization of the French video games, on the finish of 2019, takes once more the prerogatives of Arjel by widening them to horse races, scratch video games and drawing in addition to sport bets. With 55 workers, headed by Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, ex-president of the Nationwide Fee for Data Expertise and Liberties (Cnil), this construction will regulate 78% of the playing sector, a further market 50 billion euros in wagers, excluding slot machines from casinos which stay beneath the supervision of the Ministry of the Inside.
The aim is to develop "body of reference", the primary of which, scheduled for September, will take care of habit. Different challenges to be met: guaranteeing the safety of minors, particularly within the standard section of on-line video games, and combating cash laundering.